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You Won't Believe How Recently Africans And Native Americans Were Caged Exhibits In Zoos

Throughout the late 19th century, and well into the 1950's, Africans and in some cases Native Americans, were kept as exhibits in zoos. Far from a relic from an unenlightened past, remnants of such exhibits have continued in Europe as late as the 2000's.

Throughout the early 20th century, Germany held what was termed a, "Peoples Show," or Völkerschau. Africans were brought in as carnival or zoo exhibits for passers-by to gawk at.

Only decades before, in the late 1800's, Europe had been filled with, "human zoos," in cities like Paris, Hamburg, Antwerp, Barcelona, London, Milan, and Warsaw. New York too saw these popular exhibits continue into the 20th century. There was an average of 200,000 to 300,000 visitors who attended each exhibition in each city.

Carl Hagenbeck of Germany ran exhibits of what he called, "purely natural," populations, usually East Asian Islanders, but in 1876, he also sent a collaborator to the Sudan to bring back, "wild beasts and Nubians." The traveling Nubian exhibit was a huge success in cities like Paris, London, and Berlin.

The World's Fair, in 1889 was visited by 28 million people, who lined up to see 400 indigenous people as the major attraction. The 1900 World's Fair followed suit, as did the Colonial Exhibitions in Marseilles (1906 and 1922) and in Paris (1907 and 1931) which displayed naked or semi-naked humans in cages. Paris saw 34 million people attend their exhibition in six months alone.

Just four years shy of the 20th century, the Cincinnati Zoo kept one hundred Sioux Native Americans in a mock village at the zoo for three months.

In 1906, the amateur anthropologist Madison Grant, who was the head of the New York Zoological Society, put a Congolese pygmy Ota Benga, on display at the Bronx Zoo in New York City. The display was in the primate exhibit, and Ota was often made to carry around chimpanzees and other apes. Eugenicist and zoo director William Hornaday labeled Ota, "The Missing Link." The public flocked to see the display.

Benga shot targets with a bow and arrow, wove twine, and wrestled with an orangutan. Although, according to the New York Times, "few expressed audible objection to the sight of a human being in a cage with monkeys as companions," controversy erupted as black clergymen in the city took great offense. "Our race, we think, is depressed enough, without exhibiting one of us with the apes," said the Reverend James H. Gordon, superintendent of the Howard Colored Orphan Asylum in Brooklyn. "We think we are worthy of being considered human beings, with souls."

In 1906, the Bronx Zoo kept Ota Benga on a human exhibit. The sign outside of her fenced in area of the primate exhibit read, "Age, 23 years. Height, 4 feet 11 inches. Weight, 103 pounds. Brought from the Kasai River, Congo Free State, South Central Africa, by Dr. Samuel P. Verner. Exhibited each afternoon during September."

These sorts of, "human zoos," continued even later. The Brussels 1958 World's Fair kept a Congolese village on display. Even as late as April 1994, an Ivory Coast village was kept as part of an African safari in Port-Saint-Père (Planète Sauvage), near Nantes, France.

In Germany, as late as 2005, Augsburg's zoo in Germany had similar exhibits. In August 2005, London Zoo also displayed humans wearing fig leaves, and in 2007, Adelaide Zoo housed people in a former ape enclosure by day. They were, of course, allowed to return home at night, unlike many of the earlier incarnations of these racist displays.

Many people console themselves with the belief that the racism of yesterday remains safely in the past. But the echoes of the, "human zoo," into recent years show that this is far from the case. The racism of the past continues to bleed through into the present.


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Comment by AfricanGoddess on February 7, 2016 at 6:07pm



Comment by AfricanGoddess on February 7, 2016 at 6:00pm

Welcome! @Darrel Mitchell,Big Woman&GospelPan

It's my duty to share what I've learned with my people...

Comment by GospelPan on February 6, 2016 at 4:49pm

Thanks African Goddess...I heard about this before, but never looked into it. Now I will research this and add it to my studies...thanks again.

Comment by Big Woman on February 6, 2016 at 12:27am
Thank you African Goddess.
Comment by Darrell Mitchell on February 4, 2016 at 9:46pm
Thank you very much, AFRICAN GODDESS!! Don't stop writing, you are Greatly appreciated & Desperately Needed!!!
Comment by Robert on February 4, 2016 at 1:17pm
Why are you surprised we have it today? We have the same shows today they call the Kardashians, Housewives of Atlanta Housewives of Atlanta, hip hop show, Bill Cunningham ,Jerry Springer.
Comment by raquel on February 3, 2016 at 8:30pm

Once again..the stuff they keep out of our kids history book..smdh..This is why we must educate our own.Knowledge is definitely power..

Comment by Cee Gee on February 3, 2016 at 1:53pm

I am disgusted by this....I never liked zoos.  I guess there is a reason why.  People nor animals should be held captive for people to look at, gawk at, feed or even taunt!  Close all zoos!

Comment by Trinity19 on February 3, 2016 at 1:51pm
Black history is daily. Not just the shortest month of the year. Not to be told by those who really and truly don't know what BLACK HISTORY MEANS!! I'm learning more and more each day and I'm glad to know things hat weren't taught from elementary to high school. Wake up people. Know what's what. Only thing has changed is the year.

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