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Ebola in Baltimore? Patient quarantined at Maryland hospital as New Jersey nurse is released to go home after threatening to sue over involuntary isolation {F}

3 states now impose mandatory 21-day quarantine for medics returning from Ebola zones as nurse returning from Africa to New Jersey is rushed to hospital in a hazmat suitNurse Preview CDC issues new Ebola guidelines with at-home quarantine for ALL returning medics - but slams New Jersey hours after nurse is released from involuntary isolation

  • 'Ebola patient' quarantined at University of Maryland Medical Center
  • It is one of just three hospitals in the state equipped to treat the virus 
  • Comes after state said all returning west Africa nurses should self-isolate 
  • New CDC rules urge voluntary, at-home quarantine for 'high risk' travelers
  • But officials slammed New Jersey for holding nurse against her will
  • Nurse Kaci Hickox was held in unheated tent but had no symptoms
  • The Doctors Without Borders nurse was quarantined when she flew in to New Jersey from Sierra Leone on Friday despite testing negative twice

A suspected Ebola patient has been quarantined at a hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.

The unidentified patient was transferred to the University of Maryland Medical Center at around 6pm tonight following a request from state health officials.

Hospital directors would not confirm where the person was transferred from or whether they had recently arrived from abroad.


Baltimore case: The University of Maryland Medical Center is treating a patient with possible Ebola symptoms

Baltimore case: The University of Maryland Medical Center is treating a patient with possible Ebola symptoms

In a memo sent out to hospital employees, read by CBS, a spokesman said: 'We have accepted the transport by DHMH (Public Health) of a potential Ebola patient for further assessment. 

'They are appropriately isolated and receiving further assessment and care.'

Maryland's University hospital is one of just three in the state equipped to treat the deadly virus.

One, the National Institute of Health in Bethedsa, admitted former Ebola patient Nina Pham 10 days ago.

She was discharged days later when tests revealed she had overcome the disease.

The news of a second possible Ebola patient in the state comes hours after Maryland officials agreed to take on the CDC's newly-revised guidelines that advise all health workers returning from West Africa to avoid public transport and undergo daily check-ups at home.

The voluntary quarantine proposal was announced by CDC director Dr Thomas Frieden on Monday, hours after New Jersey controversially held a Doctors Without Borders nurse for three days against her will.

Kaci Hickox, 33, threatened to sue the state for placing her in an unheated, 15ft x 20ft isolation tent with no working toilet in the University Hospital parking lot in Newark on Friday - despite showing no symptoms of Ebola and repeatedly insisting she is healthy.

New case follows new rules: The patient has been quarantined after the CDC said all health workers returning from west Africa are deemed 'high risk' and should be monitored daily by state health officials

New case follows new rules: The patient has been quarantined after the CDC said all health workers returning from west Africa are deemed 'high risk' and should be monitored daily by state health officials

Last patient: Texan nurse Nina Pham was treated in Bethesda, Maryland, before she was cleared of the virus

Last patient: Texan nurse Nina Pham was treated in Bethesda, Maryland, before she was cleared of the virus

She was the first person to fall under the state's tighter prevention measures.

CDC director Dr Thomas Frieden slammed the state-enforced isolation as 'severe', while President Obama said measures 'should be crafted so as not to unnecessarily discourage those workers from serving' in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone, where more than 10,000 people have succumbed to the deadly virus. 

On Monday, as Hickox was released, the CDC issued new guidelines urging voluntary, at-home quarantine for all health workers that have treated Ebola patients in West Africa - but slammed New Jersey for 'going too far'.

Previously the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention had recommended screening of travelers from West Africa and monitoring of people for three weeks after they arrive in the United States.

Now, 'high risk' travelers are told to avoid transport and allow state medics to monitor them daily. 

'We are concerned about some policies that we have seen... that might have the effect of increasing stigma or creating false impressions,' CDC director Dr Thomas Frieden said today, as he unveiled the four categories of risk that travelers will be separated in to. 

Kaci Hickox was believed to have left the University Hospital in Newark, New Jersey on Monday in this SUV. She was heading to her home in Maine where she will be required to self-quarantine

Kaci Hickox was believed to have left the University Hospital in Newark, New Jersey on Monday in this SUV. She was heading to her home in Maine where she will be required to self-quarantine

The nurse was believed to have left the hospital grounds on Monday afternoon as police cars were seen leaving soon after an SUV

The nurse was believed to have left the hospital grounds on Monday afternoon as police cars were seen leaving soon after an SUV

Nurse Hickox was held in this isolation tent in the parking lot of University Hospital in Newark, New Jersey where she said she spent most of the time staring at the walls

Nurse Hickox was held in this isolation tent in the parking lot of University Hospital in Newark, New Jersey where she said she spent most of the time staring at the walls

His words were a direct attack on New York and New Jersey governors' controversial decision to put all medics returning from the disease-hit region into mandatory quarantine.

Miss Hickox was driven to her home in Maine on Monday afternoon shortly after 1pm on Monday in a black SUV where she will required by the CDC to self-quarantine at home.

Maine Governor Paul LePage told NBC that protocols in the state required the nurse to be quarantined in her home for 21 days in order to safeguard public health.

The nurse lives in Fort Kent, a small, rural community about three hours from Bangor.  

New Jersey Governor Chris Christie released a statement on Monday where he said that Miss Hickox has been symptom-free for the last 24 hrs and after being evaluated by the CDC and her doctors, she is being discharged. 

Governor Christie tweeted: 'While in isolation, every effort was made to insure that she remained comfortable... with access to a computer, cell phone, reading material and nourishment of choice.' 

The Doctors Without Borders nurse was placed in quarantine just one day after a fellow Doctors Without Borders medic tested positive for the virus in New York.

Nurse quarantined in New Jersey to go home
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The 33-year-old nurse (pictured left) during her recent trip to Sierra Leone to provide care for Ebola patients with non-profit organization Doctors Without Borders

The 33-year-old nurse (pictured left) during her recent trip to Sierra Leone to provide care for Ebola patients with non-profit organization Doctors Without Borders

Miss Hickox, who had previously gone to provide aid work abroad in Indonesia and Uganda, had been working in Sierra Leone, one of the three West African nations hit by the largest outbreak of Ebola in history

Miss Hickox, who had previously gone to provide aid work abroad in Indonesia and Uganda, had been working in Sierra Leone, one of the three West African nations hit by the largest outbreak of Ebola in history

Kaci Hickox, 33, hired civil rights lawyer Norman Siegel this weekend in her battle to be released from a mandatory 21-day quarantine in New Jersey
Miss Hickox revealed that she had no access to a flushing toilet and was forced to use a port-a-potty in her isolation tent at the New Jersey hospital

Kaci Hickox, 33, hired civil rights lawyer Norman Siegel this weekend in her battle to be released from a mandatory 21-day quarantine in New Jersey where she claimed she was kept in this tent (right)

New Jersey Governor Chris Christie and New York Governor Andrew Cuomo issued a mandatory 21-day quarantine rule on Friday for any persons arriving in their states who have come into contact with Ebola patients in the three West African nations at the center of the outbreak. 

Nurse Hickox had no symptoms and testing negative for the deadly virus on two occasions.

In an interview with CNN, she called her living conditions at University Hospital 'inhumane'. 

The nurse had been held since Friday in a tent outside of the hospital with little contact with the outside world and no shower, no flushing toilet, TV or entertainment to pass the next three weeks.

She was not allowed to have her luggage and was given paper scrubs to wear. 

Miss Hickox had access to a computer, her cellphone, magazines and newspapers and has been allowed to have takeout food, New Jersey Health Department officials said.

Her boyfriend Ted Wilbur told ABC that the situation 'was a little bit out of control'.

Mr Wilbur, a nursing student, said that his girlfriend planned to self-quarantine at their home in Fort Kent, Maine when she returned from Sierra Leone.

The nurse's boyfriend told the New York Times that Governor Christie had 'messed with the wrong redhead'.  

Their nearest neighbor is 500 meters away, he said, meaning that no one would be at risk. 

Miss Hickox hired civil rights lawyer Norman Siegel this weekend to help secure her freedom. 

The nurse speaks to her lawyer Norman Siegel through the plastic window into the isolation tent that she was held in under a new 21-day quarantine rule in New Jersey

The nurse speaks to her lawyer Norman Siegel through the plastic window into the isolation tent that she was held in under a new 21-day quarantine rule in New Jersey

A medic spoke to Miss Hickox through the plastic window of her isolation tent in the parking lot where she had been kept since Friday after showing a temperature at arrivals at Newark International  

A medic spoke to Miss Hickox through the plastic window of her isolation tent in the parking lot where she had been kept since Friday after showing a temperature at arrivals at Newark International  

'The mandatory quarantine policy enacted by Govs. Christie and Cuomo creates serious and substantial civil liberties issues,' Mr Siegel told Capital New York on Sunday, just before going to the hospital to meet with his client. 

'The policy infringes on Kaci Hickox’s constitutional liberty.'

Siegel is the former head of the New York Civil Liberties Union. 

He said he is challenging the new rule on Miss Hickox's behalf, and will be filing paperwork in New Jersey federal court this week.

'Her temperature’s 98.6F. They took her blood and it’s negative for Ebola. So I don’t think they meet the requirements to confine her. And she wants out,' he added to the New York Daily News

CDC SAYS STATES' MANDATORY QUARANTINE IS 'TOO SEVERE'

U.S. health officials on Monday recommended little more than voluntary, at-home quarantine for travelers from West Africa who are at highest risk for coming down with Ebola, and symptom-monitoring for those at lower risk.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued the updated guidance on Monday.

The CDC guidance comes after the governors of New York, New Jersey, Illinois and Maryland announced mandatory quarantines for medical workers returning from three West African countries plagued by the worst Ebola outbreak in world history.

Experts said the state actions are unnecessarily severe and will discourage health workers from going to West Africa to fight the epidemic.

The CDC said travel restrictions could be ordered in certain cases, but voluntary quarantine is enough for those at highest risk.

'You can’t have a policy based on fear. It’s got to be based on medical fact.'

Mr Siegel said Governor Christie needed to prove that there is a compelling public health reason to keep Miss Hickox in isolation for three weeks against her will.

'At minimum, there should be a hearing where she has a right to hear what the governor says, that she meets the criteria.

'She doesn’t have any of the symptoms of Ebola, therefore there’s no compelling justification for the government to confine her and infringe on her 14th amendment civil liberty interests,' Mr Siegel added.  

Miss Hickox previously said that she was not allowed visits by her lawyer, even though doctors were able to speak to her through a window in her tent at University Hospital.

However, Mr Siegel was granted permission to visit his client on Sunday. 

The nurse has received widespread support since speaking out about her living conditions at University Hospital on Sunday. 

New York Mayor Bill De Blasio called her treatment 'inappropriate' at a press conference on Sunday.  

'The problem here is that this hero coming back from the front, having done the right thing, was treated with disrespect and was treated as if she had done something wrong when she hadn't,' Mayor de Blasio said. 'We owe her better than that.' 

President Obama met on Sunday with his Ebola response team, including 'Ebola czar' Ron Klain and other public health and national security officials.

According to a statement released by the White House, Obama said any measures concerning returning health care workers 'should be crafted so as not to unnecessarily discourage those workers from serving'. 

Dr Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, called the new quarantine rules in New York, New Jersey, Florida and Illinois 'draconian'. 

After landing at Newark airport in New Jersey on Friday from Sierra Leone, the Doctors Without Borders nurse was taken to the hospital by motorcade

After landing at Newark airport in New Jersey on Friday from Sierra Leone, the Doctors Without Borders nurse was taken to the hospital by motorcade

The nurse (circled in red above) was seen exiting an ambulance in a Hazmat suit outside University Hospital in Newark, New Jersey on Friday

The nurse (circled in red above) was seen exiting an ambulance in a Hazmat suit outside University Hospital in Newark, New Jersey on Friday

He told NBC: 'I don't want to be directly criticizing the decision that was made but we have to be careful that there are unintended consequences.

'The best way to stop this epidemic is to help the people in West Africa, we do that by sending people over there, not only from the USA. but from other places.'

Miss Hickox described how she was being kept in a tent inside a building away from the University Hospital.

She said that her 'basic human rights have been violated' and questioned why politicians are making decisions that should be left to health officials. 

She said that she spent most of her time simply staring at the wall. 

Miss Hickox said: 'This is an extreme that is really unacceptable, and I feel like my basic human rights have been violated. I am physically strong but emotionally exhausted.

'To put me through this emotional and physical stress is completely unacceptable.'

Miss Hickox's boyfriend Ted Wilbur said she planned to self-quarantine at their home in Maine 

Miss Hickox's boyfriend Ted Wilbur said she planned to self-quarantine at their home in Maine 

She also said she has been told little about the quarantine process and noted that hospital workers in contact with her were allowed to leave and be with their families.   

The nurse condemned Governor Christie for describing her as 'obviously ill'.

Governor Christie also said: 'I'm sorry she's uncomfortable. This is government's job ... to protect the safety and health of our citizens.' 

He added that the nurse would 'understand' in time why he made this decision.  

She said: 'I'm sorry, but that's just a completely unacceptable statement in my opinion. For him - a politician who's trusted and respected - to make a statement that's categorically not true is just unacceptable and appalling.'

She added that a mandatory public quarantine is not a 'not a sound public health decision' and that health officials - not politicians - should be making those sort of policy decisions.

Nurse Hickox wrote in the Dallas News about her experience, saying that she was held at immigration for three hours while a 'frenzy of disorganization' raged around her.

She said: 'I called my family to let them know that I was OK. I was hungry and thirsty and asked for something to eat and drink. I was given a granola bar and some water. I wondered what I had done wrong.' 

She added that suspicious officials who 'barked' at her as if she had broken the law made her so worried and flustered that inaccurate forehead scanners read her temperature too high - sparking fears that she had Ebola.

She said that the moment an official recorded a temperature of 101F she was met with the 'smug' statement 'you have a fever now'.

The CDC states that a fever above 101.5F is typical for those infected with Ebola.

She was then bundled into an ambulance, which raced down the freeway to the hospital surrounded by an eight-car police motorcade. She was pictured emerging at the hospital wearing a Hazmat suit.

Media outlets were briefed that she had 'developed a fever' and she arrived at the hospital with doctors expecting the worst. 

But when her temperature was taken properly, the oral thermometer recorded a normal result of 98.6F.

Nurse Hickox, who holds degrees from the University of Texas at Arlington and John Hopkins University, said that her rough treatment makes her worry for her colleagues still in Africa trying to stop the virus outbreak which has killed some 5,000 people in the region. 

The nurse was being kept in an isolation tent outside of University Hospital in New Jersey (pictured), in the parking lot without a shower or a flushing toilet

The nurse was being kept in an isolation tent outside of University Hospital in New Jersey (pictured), in the parking lot without a shower or a flushing toilet

CDC to release new guidelines for returning Ebola workers
Bias against Ebola health workers 'unacceptable': NYC Mayor

She wrote: 'I had spent a month watching children die, alone. I had witnessed human tragedy unfold before my eyes.

'I had tried to help when much of the world has looked on and done nothing... I sat alone in the isolation tent and thought of many colleagues who will return home to America and face the same ordeal. Will they be made to feel like criminals and prisoners?'

She continued: 'The epidemic continues to ravage West Africa... We need more health care workers to help fight the epidemic in West Africa. The U.S. must treat returning health care workers with dignity and humanity.'


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New Jersey Enforces Ebola Isolation Order For NBC Crew

  • New Jersey Governor Chris Christie said the woman arrived at the airport on a flight on Friday from West Africa
  • He said that the New Jersey Department of Health determined that a legal quarantine order should be issued due to tightened protocols
  • Dr Seema Yasmin, a doctor in Dallas who is also a CDC 'disease detective', tweeted on Friday afternoon, that her friend, a nurse with Doctors Without Borders, was being quarantined at Newark 
  • While the woman initially showed no symptoms of the deadly virus, she developed a fever just hours after being quarantined 
  • Late Friday night, she was rushed to University Hospital In Newark by a motorcade and put in isolation 

A woman who had been quarantined at Newark Airport due to stricter screening protocols on Friday after reporting contact with Ebola victims was seen exiting an ambulance in a hazmat suit later that evening as she made her way into an isolation unit at University Hospital in Newark, New Jersey.

New Jersey Governor Chris Christie said the woman arrived at the airport on a flight on Friday from West Africa. He earlier announced that additional screening protocols were being implemented at JFK and Newark International Airports.

The woman, who initially showed no symptoms of the deadly virus, just  hours later developed a fever according to the New York Times.

But she has now tested negative for the virus.  

Scroll down for video 

Safe exit: The nurse (circled in red above) is seen exiting an ambulance in a Hazmat suit

Safe exit: The nurse (circled in red above) is seen exiting an ambulance in a Hazmat suit

Rushed over: She was taken to the hospital by a motorcade

Rushed over: She was taken to the hospital by a motorcade

New rules: New York Governor Andrew Cuomo, left, listens as New Jersey Governor Chris Christie talks at a news conference on Friday. The governors announced a mandatory quarantine for 'high risk' people

New rules: New York Governor Andrew Cuomo, left, listens as New Jersey Governor Chris Christie talks at a news conference on Friday. The governors announced a mandatory quarantine for 'high risk' people

The governors issued a mandatory quarantine for travelers who have had contact with Ebola-infected patients in West Africa.

Any person traveling from the three West African nations who had contact with infected, or possibly infected, people will be automatically quarantined for 21 days. This includes doctors.

It will be coordinated with local health departments. 

The Governor tweeted on Friday: 'Today, a healthcare worker arrived at Newark Airport, w/ a recent history of treating patients w/ Ebola in West Africa, but w/ no symptoms.' 

He said that the New Jersey Department of Health determined that a legal quarantine order should be issued.

He added: 'This woman, while her home residence is outside of this area, her next stop was going to be here in NY.' 

On person who did not know about Friday's announcement was New York City mayor Bill de Blasio, whose people revealed that neither he or the city's Department of Health were notified about this new policy change.

What's more, they do not seem to be completely in favor of the measures taken by Cuomo and Christie. 

'The mayor wants to work closely with our state partners, but he wants to make sure that there will not be any sort of chilling effect on medical workers who might want to go over to help,' said spokesman Phil Walzak.

Also on Friday, the Illinois Department of Public Health announced a mandatory 21-day home quarantine for high-risk individuals who have had direct contact with an individual infected with the Ebola virus while in Liberia, Sierra Leone or Guinea, this according to ABC 7

De Blasio: New Yorkers are safe from Ebola
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TIMELINE: THE RUN-UP TO DR SPENCER'S EBOLA DIAGNOSIS

September 16: Dr Craig Spencer flew to Guinea to treat Ebola patients as a member of the French organization Doctors Without Borders (Medecins Sans Frontiers)

October 16: Dr Spencer left Guinea, flew to Brussels in Belgium and was screened for Ebola at JFK

October 22: The doctor goes on a three-mile run around Harlem close to the home he shares with his girlfriend Morgan Dixon on 147th Street

October 22 afternoon: He took the 1 subway train to the High Line garden bridge on the west side of Manhattan. He had lunch at The Meatball Shop at 64 Greenwich Avenue and coffee at the Blue Bottle Coffee Stand

October 22 evening: He took the A train from his home to 14th St- 8 Ave subway station and changed to the L train to Bedford Avenue.

October 22 late: Doctor went to The Gutter bowling alley with his girlfriend then takes an Uber cab home

October 23, 10am-11am: The doctor contacts the health department to report that he has a fever. Admitted to Bellevue Hospital in midtown Manhattan and tested

October 23, 8.30pm: Dr Spencer's test comes back positive for Ebola

Dr. Seema Yasmin, who is a CDC 'disease detective' and medical correspondent in Dallas, tweeted on Friday afternoon that her friend, a nurse, is being held after returning from West Africa

Dr. Seema Yasmin, who is a CDC 'disease detective' and medical correspondent in Dallas, tweeted on Friday afternoon that her friend, a nurse, is being held after returning from West Africa

A woman has been quarantined at Newark Airport (pictured) in New Jersey on Friday following additional strict screening measures

A woman has been quarantined at Newark Airport (pictured) in New Jersey on Friday following additional strict screening measures

Dr Seema Yasmin, a doctor in Dallas who is also a medical news correspondent and CDC 'disease detective', tweeted on Friday afternoon, that her friend, a nurse with Doctors Without Borders, was being quarantined at Newark. 

Dr Yasmin tweeted: 'My friend an MSF nurse is being held against her will at Newark airprt because she returned from a grueling month treating #Ebola in WAfrica'

The doctor added: 'She has NO fever NO symptoms. Her luggage has been put in biohazard bags. She says she knows more about #Ebola than anyone at Newark airport' 

She added: 'She has no symptoms, not allowed to leave Newark airport, no info on who is keeping her. She is tired, hungry, distraught.'

She later added while appearing on CNN that the nurse had just returned after a month working in Sierra Leone, and was given no information when she landed, just a 'granola bar,' after two straight days of travelling.  

The tightened measures came after a doctor in New York City was diagnosed with Ebola on Thursday after returning from Guinea on October 17 at JFK and passing the screening tests. 

Dr Craig Spencer, 33, was being treated in isolation at Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan after developing symptoms of 100.3F fever, nausea and exhaustion. 

AMERICA'S EBOLA PATIENTS: THE NINE SUFFERERS ON U.S. SOIL

Nina Pham: The 26-year-old Texas Health nurse, was declared Ebola-free on Friday at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. She will now return to Texas with her family and be reunited with her dog Bentley. She thanked doctors, family and the country for their 'prayers, hope and love' during her recovery. Her dog Bentley was declared Ebola-free earlier this week

Amber Vinson: The 29-year-old colleague of Miss Pham was given the all-clear on Wednesday from the virus. She was being treated at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia

Ashoka Mukpo: The NBC cameraman, 33, was given the all-clear on Tuesday at Nebraska Medical Center after being diagnosed with Ebola last month. He said that his greatest fear about dying from Ebola was leaving behind his beloved fiancee.

Unidentified man: An Ebola patient who was being treated at Emory since early September was released earlier this week.  The man was released Sunday from Atlanta's Emory University Hospital, after he was determined to be free of the virus and no threat to the public. WHO disclosed that a doctor who had been working in an Ebola treatment center in Sierra Leone had been evacuated out of Africa when he tested positive for the disease.

Thomas Eric Duncan: The Liberian man, 42, was the first case of Ebola to be diagnosed on U.S. soil. He was hospitalized on September 28 after initially being sent home from Texas Presbyterian Hospital. He died on October 8.

Dr Rick Sacra: The doctor who has spent a great deal of the last two decades as a missionary in Africa, contracted Ebola while treating Ebola patients. Dr Sacra, from Massachusetts was declared disease-free and released on September 25 after weeks of treatment at an Omaha, Nebraska, hospital

Nancy Writebol: The missionary worker contracted Ebola in July and was flown from Liberia to Emory in Atlanta. She recovered several weeks later and was declared disease-free although has said she is still working to rebuild her strength. 

Dr Kent Brantly: The doctor contracted Ebola around the same time as his colleague, Nancy Writebol. Both he and Mrs Writebol received the experimental serum Z-Mapp. He was also declared Ebola free and has given multiple blood and plasma donations to help subsequent Ebola patients. 

Dr Craig Spencer: The 33-year-old Doctors without Borders volunteer is the first person to be diagnosed in New York City. The engaged medic is currently being monitored in Bellevue Hospital after being rushed from his Harlem home on Thursday night. His fiancee Morgan Dixon and two friends are being monitored after their contact with him. His treatment to date has been undisclosed and his condition is said to be stable

Dr Craig Spencer, 33, pictured in hazardous protective clothing before he headed to Guinea in West Africa to care for Ebola patients. The doctor was admitted to Bellevue in New York City on Thursday with Ebola
Dr Spencer returned to the U.S. from West Africa on October 17, flying through Brussels to JFK in New York City

Dr Craig Spencer, 33, pictured in hazardous protective clothing before he headed to Guinea in West Africa to care for Ebola patients. The doctor was admitted to Bellevue in New York City on Thursday with Ebola

The New Jersey Department of Health determined that a legal quarantine order should be issued on Friday due to tightened measures following Ebola cases in the U.S. 

The New Jersey Department of Health determined that a legal quarantine order should be issued on Friday due to tightened measures following Ebola cases in the U.S. 

 

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New York City Dr. Tests Positive For Ebola. Mayor Bill de Blasio Tells Residents Not To Be Alarmed (Video)geographical map of Africa with magnifier and ebola virusWhile airport screening to filter out the sick is a good idea in theory, in practice it isn’t very effective at keeping disease from crossing borders. And it will be especially ineffective at containing Ebola, according to a recent British Medical Journal (BMJ) editorial by a team of researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

There’s nothing new about using airport screening in an attempt to contain disease. Canada tried using the procedure in the 2003 SARS epidemic, in the course of which 700,000 passengers were screened at Canadian airports. Of these, about 2,500 answered “yes” to the SARS questionnaire, but none were found to have the disease. The exercise cost Canada $15 million and failed to prevent a single Canadian case.

At about the same time, Australia tried the same thing. Close to two million incoming passengers were screened for SARS at the country’s airports and about 800 travellers with elevated temperatures were detected. Additional testing revealed that not one of them had the virus.

Fast forward to 2014 and airport screenings wouldn’t have stopped Thomas Duncan flying from Liberia to Texas to become the first Ebola patient diagnosed in the United States, because he did not have any symptoms of the deadly virus at the time he travelled.

However well executed, the screening process is far from fool proof.

The thermal scanner that registers body temperature will accurately spot anyone with Ebola-related fever. Unless, like Duncan, they haven’t yet developed symptoms of the virus, or perhaps if they’ve taken aspirin or any other temporary fever reducing medication.

Also, as in the 2003 SARS scenario, most of those who do test positive for a fever won’t have Ebola.

Checking on passengers’ flight itineraries could be troublesome too, given that most direct flights from the three countries worst-hit by Ebola — Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone — to the United Kingdom have been discontinued because of contagion fears, while there are no direct flights from those countries to the US.

So passengers who are still traveling from these acutely affected West African countries are using connecting flights from various other cities. Hence airport staff will have to scrutinize passengers’ itineraries to determine if they pose a risk, a process that would slow airport flows to a frustrating crawl.

Persons identified as posing an Ebola risk go on to complete a questionnaire querying the following: Have you been in contact with sick people? Have you attended funerals in West Africa? Do you have symptoms of Ebola?

The honest few who respond in the affirmative will next be examined by a medical professional.

Public officials who support the screenings, warts and all, are under the impression that they could at least keep a reasonable number of people with Ebola from entering their country.

The researchers from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine nevertheless estimate that airport screening would still miss 93 percent of people with Ebola, because only a handful of those carrying the virus would be showing symptoms on arrival at airports.

These calculations were based on entry into the UK. Because travel times to the US from the affected region are different, the exact percentage of infected people who would be able to enter the US “unimpeded” would likely vary.

As the researchers wrote: “Adopting the policy of ‘enhanced screening’ gives a false sense of reassurance. Our simple calculations show that an entrance screening policy will have no meaningful effect on the risk of importing Ebola into the UK.”

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NY Ebola doctor's fiancee and 2 friends are quarantined amid fears he gave them deadly virus: Potential victims in isolation - and there could be more after he spent SEVEN days riding the subway

A doctor who became New York City's first Ebola patient was praised for getting treatment immediately upon showing symptoms, and health officials stressed that the nation's most populous city need not fear his wide-ranging travel in the days before his illness began.

New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio

Mayor Bill de Blasio and Gov. Andrew Cuomo urged residents not to be alarmed by the doctor's diagnosis Thursday, even as they described him riding the subway, taking a cab and bowling since returning to New York from Guinea a week ago. De Blasio said all city officials followed "clear and strong" protocols in their handling and treatment of him.

"We want to state at the outset that New Yorkers have no reason to be alarmed," de Blasio said. "New Yorkers who have not been exposed are not at all at risk."

The doctor, Craig Spencer, a member of Doctors Without Borders, reported Thursday morning coming down with a 100.3-degree fever and diarrhea. He was being treated in an isolation ward at Manhattan's Bellevue Hospital, a designated Ebola center.

Craig Spencer

In appearance on CNN on Friday morning, the governor said Spencer "presented himself" to the hospital when he had a 100-point-3 fever ... not 103 ... as has been reported."

New York City's health department on Friday confirmed that the doctor's temperature was 100.3.

Cuomo said Friday that the doctor "obviously felt he wasn't symptomatic" when he went out "in a limited way."

"When you're a doctor you know you're not contagious until you're symptomatic," Cuomo said on NBC's Today show. "As soon as he had a fever he presented himself to a hospital."

The governor, in an appearance on CNN's New Day, said there was no reason to fear riding the subway, and he would do so Friday.

One commuter said he first learned of New York's first Ebola case on the subway on his way to work Friday morning.

Police stand outside of Craig Spencer's home

It's "a scary thing" because there are "a lot of germs in New York," said Chris Thompson who was riding the L train, one of the lines Spencer rode after returning home from West Africa.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which will do a further test to confirm the initial results, has dispatched an Ebola response team to New York. President Barack Obama spoke to Cuomo and de Blasio on Thursday night and offered the federal government's support. He asked them to stay in close touch with Ron Klain, his "Ebola czar," and public health officials in Washington.

Health officials have been tracing Spencer's contacts to identify anyone who may be at risk. The city's health commissioner, Mary Bassett, said Spencer's fiancee and two friends had been quarantined but showed no symptoms.

Health officials say the chances of the average New Yorker contracting Ebola, which is spread through direct contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person, are slim. Someone can't be infected just by being near someone who is sick with Ebola. Someone isn't contagious unless he is sick.

Belkys Fortune, Teressa Celia

 

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Ebola panic in Brooklyn: Doctor who treated patients in West Africa visited hip bowling hotspot ONE DAY before he was rushed to the hospital with 103F fever

  • Dr Craig Spencer, 33, who returned to the U.S. from Guinea where he was treating Ebola patients, was admitted to New York Hospital on Thursday
  • His fiancée Morgan Dixon, 30, is also in quarantine at Bellevue Hospital but does not have Ebola symptoms
  • Two of the doctors' friends were also placed in quarantine at undisclosed location 
  • An Uber cab driver, who drove Dr Spencer home from Brooklyn hours before he developed symptoms, was told he is not at risk  
  • The doctor was taken to hospital from his home in Harlem on Thursday morning after developing an 100.3F fever, diarrhea and nausea
  • Spencer reported feeling sluggish on Tuesday but only developed a temperature on Thursday morning
  • On Wednesday night, Dr Spencer, who had been self-monitoring his symptoms, went to a bowling alley in Brooklyn by subway and taxi 
  • 'Disease detectives' from the CDC are now contact tracing to find others who may be at risk of Ebola 

There is growing concern today for those closest to New York's Ebola-stricken doctor after his fiancée and two friends were placed in quarantine.

Dr Craig Spencer, 33, is in isolation at Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan after being confirmed as the first Ebola case in the country's most populous city.

He was taken in an ambulance by a hazmat crew from his home in Harlem on Thursday morning with 100.3F fever, diarrhea, nausea, pain and fatigue.

The NYPD cordoned off the street and sealed the apartment where the doctor lives with his 30-year-old fiancee, Morgan Dixon. She is also in quarantine at Bellevue Hospital. Two of the doctors' friends. were at undisclosed locations.

Dr Spencer returned to the U.S. on October 17 from Ebola 'hot zone' Guinea, where he was treating patients with non-profit group Doctors Without Borders. He was not in quarantine on his return to the U.S. but had been monitoring his temperature twice a day.   

Scroll down for video 

Dr Craig Spencer, 33, pictured in hazardous protective clothing before he headed to Guinea in West Africa to care for Ebola patients. The doctor was admitted to Bellevue Hospital in New York City on Thursday with the virus

Dr Craig Spencer, 33, pictured in hazardous protective clothing before he headed to Guinea in West Africa to care for Ebola patients. The doctor was admitted to Bellevue Hospital in New York City on Thursday with the virus

Morgan Dixon (pictured left), Dr Spencer's fiancée, is also in quarantine at Bellevue where she is being monitored for possible Ebola symptoms

Morgan Dixon (pictured left), Dr Spencer's fiancée, is also in quarantine at Bellevue where she is being monitored for possible Ebola symptoms

Dr Spencer, 33, returned from West Africa on October 17 and was taken to Bellevue Hospital on Thursday after reporting a 103F fever

Dr Spencer, 33, returned from West Africa on October 17 and was taken to Bellevue Hospital on Thursday after reporting a 103F fever

TIMELINE: THE RUN-UP TO DR SPENCER'S EBOLA DIAGNOSIS 

  • September 16: Dr Craig Spencer flew to Guinea to treat Ebola patients as a member of the French organization Doctors Without Borders (Medecins Sans Frontiers)
  • October 16: Dr Spencer left Guinea, flew to Brussels in Belgium and was screened for Ebola at JFK
  • October 22: The doctor goes on a three-mile run around Harlem close to the home he shares with his girlfriend Morgan Dixon on 147th Street
  • October 22 afternoon: He took the 1 subway train to the High Line garden bridge on the west side of Manhattan. Had lunch at a restaurant
  • October 22 evening: He took the A train from his home to 14th St- 8 Ave subway station and changed to the L train to Bedford Avenue.
  • October 22 late: Doctor went to The Gutter bowling alley with his girlfriend then takes an Uber cab home
  • October 23, 10am-11am: The doctor contacts the health department to report that he has a fever. Admitted to Bellevue Hospital in midtown Manhattan and tested
  • October, 8.30pm: Dr Spencer's test comes back positive for Ebola 

New York Mayor Bill de Blasio said on Thursday night that Dr Spencer was 'in good shape' but gave no other details about his condition. 

There is currently no supplies of experimental serum Z-Mapp.

New York officials have been preparing for months for the possibility of an Ebola outbreak, but confirmation of the first case still sent waves of fear through the city.

CDC 'disease detectives' are on the ground and carrying out 'contact tracing' to find any other people who may be at risk.

Dr Spencer moved around New York for a week between the time he arrived back from Africa and the time he fell ill on October 23 - raising concerns about who else he may have come into contact with while infected with the virus.

Dr Spencer traveled across New York City on Wednesday using the subways and visited a bowling alley in Williamsburg, Brooklyn and the High Line park on the West Side

Dr Spencer traveled across New York City on Wednesday using the subways and visited a bowling alley in Williamsburg, Brooklyn and the High Line park on the West Side

New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio rides the New York subway for his Friday morning commute to reassure New Yorkers that they are not at risk of Ebola 

New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio rides the New York subway for his Friday morning commute to reassure New Yorkers that they are not at risk of Ebola 

The doctor has been giving a detailed history of his movements from his isolation room at Bellevue Hospital.

The doctor, who is originally from Detroit, Michigan, had reportedly been feeling sluggish on Tuesday but did not develop the Ebola symptoms then.

On Thursday morning, he reported his fever to Doctors Without Borders, which said it promptly notified the city health department who sent out a hazmat crew.

The 33-year-old works at Columbia University Medical Center but has not treated any patients at the hospital since returning from Africa. 

Dr Spencer's two friends have not been identified. The driver of an Uber car that Dr Spencer traveled in has also been identified but has been deemed not at risk.

HazMat Team in protective gear decontaminating after transporting Ebola patient, Dr Craig Spencer, by ambulance to Bellevue Hospital, this afternoon in Manhattan

HazMat Team in protective gear decontaminating after transporting Ebola patient, Dr Craig Spencer, by ambulance to Bellevue Hospital, this afternoon in Manhattan

A CDC response team is on the ground in New York City and carrying out 'contact-tracing' to find others who may have come in contact with Dr Spencer 

 

A woman in a mask arrives at the front entrance of Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan today after the first case of Ebola was confirmed in New York City 

HOW ARE AMERICA'S EBOLA PATIENTS? 

Nina Pham: The 26-year-old Texas Health nurse, was declared Ebola-free on Friday at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. She will now return to Texas with her family and be reunited with her dog Bentley. She thanked doctors, family and the country for their 'prayers, hope and love' during her recovery. Her dog Bentley was declared Ebola-free earlier this week

Amber Vinson: The 29-year-old colleague of Miss Pham was given the all-clear on Wednesday from the virus. She was being treated at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia

Ashoka Mukpo: The NBC cameraman, 33, was given the all-clear on Tuesday at Nebraska Medical Center after being diagnosed with Ebola last month. He said that his greatest fear about dying from Ebola was leaving behind his beloved fiancee.

Unidentified man: An Ebola patient who was being treated at Emory since early September was released earlier this week.  The man was released Sunday from Atlanta's Emory University Hospital, after he was determined to be free of the virus and no threat to the public. WHO disclosed that a doctor who had been working in an Ebola treatment center in Sierra Leone had been evacuated out of Africa when he tested positive for the disease.

Thomas Eric Duncan: The Liberian man, 42, was the first case of Ebola to be diagnosed on U.S. soil. He was hospitalized on September 28 after initially being sent home from Texas Presbyterian Hospital. He died on October 8.

Dr Rick Sacra: The doctor who has spent a great deal of the last two decades as a missionary in Africa, contracted Ebola while treating Ebola patients. Dr Sacra, from Massachusetts was declared disease-free and released on September 25 after weeks of treatment at an Omaha, Nebraska, hospital

Nancy Writebol: The missionary worker contracted Ebola in July and was flown from Liberia to Emory in Atlanta. She recovered several weeks later and was declared disease-free although has said she is still working to rebuild her strength. 

Dr Kent Brantly: The doctor contracted Ebola around the same time as his colleague, Nancy Writebol. Both he and Mrs Writebol received the experimental serum Z-Mapp. He was also declared Ebola free and has given multiple blood and plasma donations to help subsequent Ebola patients.  

NYPD bin protective wear after leaving ebola danger zone

Spencer was rushed to Bellevue in this ambulance Thursday.  EMTs in full Ebola gear arrived and took him to Bellevue surrounded by police squad cars
New York Mayor says hospital is testing doctor for Ebola

Ebola: Why Some Survive & Others Perishebola

Ebola panic has struck New York City and the fear may already have spread from suspected infected doctor Craig Spencer's home of Manhattan to nearby Brooklyn, where the Doctors Without Borders physician visited a hip bowling hotspot one day before he was rushed to the hospital with a 103F fever.

Instead of steering clear of crowds after his recent return from Guinea, the 33-year-old took an Uber car to Williamsburg where he visited the one of the trendy neighborhood's bowling alleys--either Brooklyn Bowl or The Gutter--according to Free Williamsburg.

The terrifying detail means that residents in at least two dense New York City neighborhoods could have been exposed: Williamsburg and Harlem, where Spencer lives.

MORE


Brooklyn panic: Suspected Ebola patient Dr. Craig Spencer reportedly traveled by Uber car from his Harlem home to one of Williamsburg's trendy bowling hot spot Brooklyn Bowl one day before he was rushed to the hospital with a 103F fever--The Gutter bar/music venue/bowling alley closed Thursday night for 'unforeseen circumstances'

Suspected Ebola in NYC: The doctor flew to Africa on September 18 to treat patients in Guinea with non-profit organization, Doctors Without Borders
Suspected Ebola in NYC: The doctor flew to Africa on September 18 to treat patients in Guinea with non-profit organization, Doctors Without Borders

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Trinidad bars Nigerian from entering country + EBOLA fears see sales surge in personal protection gear and hazmat suits

Ebola Survivor

Sulaiman Kemokai an Ebola virus survivor near his house in the Heigbema Village in Kenema situated in the Eastern Province around 300km, (186 miles), from the capital city of Freetown in Kenema, Sierra Leone. In Sierra Leone, Sulaiman Kemokai, 20, was released from an Ebola treatment center on Sunday after spending 25 days in a ward there. He still feels stiffness in his joints but says he is gaining strength each day. (AP Photo/ Michael Duff)

WASHINGTON — People who shared an apartment with the country’s first Ebola patient are emerging from quarantine healthy. And while Thomas Eric Duncan died and two U.S. nurses were infected caring for him, there are successes, too: A nurse infected in Spain has recovered, as have four American aid workers infected in West Africa. Even there, not everyone dies.

PICTURE EXCLUSIVE: Moment Ebola victim arrived in Dallas and greeted smiling relative after flight from Liberia - bringing deadly virus to American soil

So why do some people escape Ebola, and not others?

The end of quarantine for 43 people in Dallas who had contact with Duncan “simply supports what most of us who know something about the disease have been saying all along: It’s not that easily spread,” said Dr. Joseph McCormick of the University of Texas School of Public Health. Formerly with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, McCormick worked on the first known Ebola outbreak in 1976 and numerous other outbreaks of Ebola and related hemorrhagic viruses.

Ebola spreads by contact with bodily fluids, such as through a break in the skin or someone with contaminated hands touching the eyes or nose. Once inside the body, Ebola establishes a foothold by targeting the immune system’s first line of defense, essentially disabling its alarms. The virus rapidly reproduces, infecting multiple kinds of cells before the immune system recognizes the threat and starts to fight back.

Only after enough virus is produced do symptoms appear, starting with fever, muscle pain, headache, and sore throat. And only then is someone contagious.

PICTURED: U.S. doctor infected with Ebola virus unsteady on his feet as he is helped out of ambulance into hospital {VIDEO}

It’s not clear why Ebola runs a different course in different people. But how rapidly symptoms appear depends partly on how much virus a patient was initially exposed to, McCormick said.

The World Health Organization has made it clear that there’s far more virus in blood, vomit, and feces than in other bodily fluids.

There is no specific treatment for Ebola but specialists say basic supportive care – providing intravenous fluids and nutrients, and maintaining blood pressure – is crucial to give the body time to fight off the virus.

Profuse vomiting and diarrhea can cause dehydration. Worse, in the most severe cases, patients’ blood vessels start to leak, causing blood pressure to drop to dangerous levels and fluid to build up in the lungs.

“The key issue is balance between keeping their blood pressure up by giving them fluids, and not pushing them into pulmonary edema, where they’re literally going to drown,” McCormick said.

Jamaica, Trinidad, Antigua, Suriname join other Caribbean countries banning nationals from Ebola hit countries

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In what can be described as the first person to be banned from Trinidad and Tobago following new rules implemented last week as the country responds to the current Ebola threat, a Nigerian woman was turned away when she landed at Piarco International Airport on Friday.

According to a CNC3 report, the woman landed at Piarco that afternoon. She was interviewed by a health official at the airport after she disembarked from a Copa Airlines flight which had originated from Panama and stopped in Venezuela.

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Comment by LONGISLAND on October 28, 2014 at 9:41pm

LARD A MUSSSSYYYY    A BLEEECH VAGINA......LARD HAV US MUSSY

Comment by conscious1 on October 28, 2014 at 9:25pm

Like I said before @Lucky Hall and @TIG; just another divide and conquer plot to ensure that we blacks throughout the diaspora remain disconnected and more hateful towards each other.  Especially for us to remain divided and isolated from the Africans who more than likely possess ancestral real estate.  "They" will go to any extent to ensure our division while stealing our land and resources on the back end. 

So far everyone, with the exception of the Duncan, who have contracted the virus have been cured. The only reason why I believe Duncan died was because the hospital was not prepared to deal with ebola and the use of an unknown experimental drug; for as far as they're concerned a black life is expendable.  However, the fact that no one else have died since the known cause of the outbreak indicates that you don't have to die from this virus as most of us have been led to believe.  While I in no way mean to minimize the dangers and severity of the virus, it seems more like proper medical care and nutrition are the answers to recovering from the disease.  Most Africans recover as well.  The only reason why many Africans die from it is probably due to lack of quality medical care, improper nutrition and a compromised/weak immune system.  The same cause of many deaths from other diseases in Africa due to the conditions of poverty and malnutrition.  So why not address the real issues of better medical facilities, better living conditions, malnutrition and the accessibility to clean drinking water; in general POVERTY?  Why are "they allowing so many Africans to die?  History has shown that it has always been their way to capture the land and/or resources.

Comment by conscious1 on October 28, 2014 at 8:47pm

lol, lol, lol, Ain't that the truth @Unell Mitchell...lol!

Comment by Mervin E Yearwood on October 28, 2014 at 5:39pm

Unell Mitchell you are on a roll

Comment by unell mitchell on October 28, 2014 at 5:23pm

You know what funny to me, is to see all these so call Christian who love jesus but afraid to die so they could go see him

Comment by Bombahdrop on October 28, 2014 at 9:38am

I cant wrapp myself around the concept that we as american have to be quarantine when the source of the problem is not being quarantine. why arent they quarantining those countries from coming over her to begin with is all im sayin, Infected people came here and now we the ones have to be isolated when it should be the other way around. They will continue to allow them to come here and we are the ones getting locked down its not f****** fair yo.

Comment by LONGISLAND on October 27, 2014 at 10:19pm

HOPE YOU GUYS DO NOT FORGET WHAT WAS DONE TO OUR HAITIANS BROTHERS AND SISTERS DURING THE AIDS CRISIS.......CUMO AND CHRISTIE...INTENDED FOR THE TRAP TO CATCH A BLACK PERSON FROM ONE OF THOSE COUNTRY.....THEN THEM 2 WOULD SAY THAT OBAMA WAS NOT DOING HIS JOB SO THEY ARE GOING TO DO IT FOR HIM AND THEY WOULD COME OFF AS HERO......BUT THEIR HIGHER MOTIVE WAS TO QURANTINE A BUNCH OF AFRICANS.....SO THAT THE RIGHT WING WOULD WOULD BE HAPPY......HOWEVER, .THE TRAP FLY WITH THE WRONG PREY......

Comment by pinky on October 27, 2014 at 10:06pm
Lord help us God please
Comment by LONGISLAND on October 27, 2014 at 9:13pm

YOU SEE THE MISTAKE CUMO AND CHRISTIE MADE WAS .......THEY QURANTINE A WHITE WOMAN.....YOU SEE IF THEY HAD QURANTINE A BLACK PERSON NOBODY WOULD HAVE SAID ANYTHING........IF YOU WANT SOMETHING TO CARRY OVER TO THE WIDE POPULATION....LIKE ENTERNMENT OF A CERTAIN GROUP OF PEOPLE YOU HAVE TO DO IT TO A MINORITY GROUP FIRST...THEN LET THE MAJORITY GROUP ACCEPT IT......THEN YOU DO IT TO THE MAJORITY......YOU CANT DO SOMETHING BAD TO WHIT FOLKS FIRST..THEY WOULD NOT LET YOU.......YOU HAVE TO PICK ON BLACK FOLKS FIRST.....THEN LET THE WHITE FOLKS SAY. YES..THEY YOU CATHC THEY BACKSIDE AND DO IT TO THEM............THEM 2 GOV...WAS HOPING IT WAS A BLACK PERSON THEY CATCH FIRST...BUT THE TRAP FLYWITH THE WRONG PREY

Comment by Bombahdrop on October 27, 2014 at 9:05pm

Gov. christie is cold hearted how he addressed the nurse thats being quarantine in Jersey when he said she has to deal with the quarantine because his priority is to protect the people of Jersey. i can understand the quarantine being imposed but if these elected officials were really protecting anybody, that nurse would not be in quarantine and they would do what all the other islands did, stop travels from there until they get a handle on it . If this disease is what is going to take us out then its inevitable and the world did come to an end. smh

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