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How Lab-Grown Meat May Change Our World It could address concerns behind animal consumption, scientists say {VIDEO}

Dr. Mark Post, a researcher at Maastricht University in the Netherlands, served up a lab-grown hamburger patty for taste testing at an event in London in 2013.
Now, the price of that patty has been scaled back from $325,000 to a much-more-affordable $11, Post told HuffPost Live. He added that his research could have serious environmental and ethical applications, as it suggests that lab-grown meat could replace animal consumption.
"I think really the most important driver is the realization that livestock beef production has serious issues. It will not be able to match the demand in 2050 -- the global demand -- so we will have a shortage," Post said. "It comes at the expense of a lot of environmental damage, because cows emit methane. And there are increasing concerns about the animal welfare issues."
Carolyn Mattick, a fellow with the American Association for Advancement of Science, told HuffPost Live that in-vitro meat production would require just one-sixteenth of the land that current beef production uses, but she warned that researchers would have to use large quantities of energy to cultivate the meat.
"The tradeoff comes with energy," she said, "because we found that energy [use] could be significantly higher for in-vitro meat, perhaps 34 percent higher than beef production and 4 percent higher than poultry production."
What are your thoughts? Let us know in the comments below.

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Comment by AfricanGoddess on December 5, 2015 at 4:20pm

Some of us grew up with organic food from the ground to our plate... My mom kin folks had farm in the country side of Jamaica. We even had vegetation growing in our yard in Kingston. I'm not new to this lifestle!


We found ways to sustain in the cold weather in America,my dad did the same thing while I was growing up in New York,he had a good size garden in the backyard...cooked what we grew and froze throughout the cold season,the neighbors had their share.


There are a small group of organic black farmers,who does willingly ship to those who support them. No need for us to depend on chemical sprayed food.


Life is one big cycle,we all chose to eat what we feel is right for us,I don't focus nor fuss with what others put in their system...

Comment by Jerimiah 1:4--10 on December 5, 2015 at 7:40am
Calling all you vegans, they are experimenting with your vegetations also, and incidentally, did they ever tell you that the plants you vegetarians are eating are alive and have feelings too ? So the people who attack people for eating meats are hypocrites, so now what ???
Comment by Jerimiah 1:4--10 on December 5, 2015 at 7:29am
That is capitalizing on the treatments of diseases after its contracted to you. The 23rd psalms is talking about a place called the valley of the shadow of Death! And America is that place, that brings their precious commodity over seas and they cultivate it right here in America, what is it you might ask ??? It's called DEATH!
Comment by Jerimiah 1:4--10 on December 5, 2015 at 7:21am
"If I ruled the world" this is why we should rule, why have healthy food, when i can give you disease causing food when i can capitalize one the treatment of Diseases $$$ after i contract it to you, we love white America, but white America dont love us, we have played the part of being fools, how in the hell do you depend on anyone who presents themselves as an enemy, for your source of food, and not cultivating your own, all this time and years black people been cussing each other out, disrespecting and hating to the point of killing each other, the enemy has thought ahead of us and stayed ahead on many fronts. Its time to stop being stupid. Proverbs 1:22
Comment by rashid rourk on December 4, 2015 at 8:41pm

Genetically Engineered Salmon Approved for Consumption

Photo
A genetically engineered salmon from AquaBounty Technologies, rear, with a conventionally raised sibling roughly the same age. Credit Paul Darrow for The New York Times

Federal regulators on Thursday approved a genetically engineered salmon as fit for consumption, making it the first genetically altered animal to be cleared for American supermarkets and dinner tables.

The approval by the Food and Drug Administration caps a long struggle for AquaBounty Technologies, a small company that first approached the F.D.A. about approval in the 1990s. The agency made its initial determination that the fish would be safe to eat and for the environment more than five years ago.

The approval of the salmon has been fiercely opposed by some consumer and environmental groups, which have argued that the safety studies were inadequate and that wild salmon populations might be affected if the engineered fish were to escape into the oceans and rivers.



“This unfortunate, historic decision disregards the vast majority of consumers, many independent scientists, numerous members of Congress and salmon growers around the world, who have voiced strong opposition,” Wenonah Hauter, executive director of Food & Water Watch, said in a statement.


Continue reading the main story Video

Shoppers React to F.D.A.’s Fish Decision

Shoppers at Pike Place Market in Seattle on Thursday discussed the Food and Drug Administration’s decision to approve the first genetically altered animal to be fit for consumption.

By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS on Publish Date November 20, 2015. Photo by Ruth Fremson/The New York Times. Watch in Times Video »

Within hours of the agency’s decision on Thursday, one consumer advocacy group, the Center for Food Safety, said it and other organizations would file a lawsuit challenging the approval.

The AquAdvantage salmon, as it is known, is an Atlantic salmon that has been genetically modified so that it grows to market size faster than a non-engineered farmed salmon, in as little as half the time.

“The F.D.A. has thoroughly analyzed and evaluated the data and information submitted by AquaBounty regarding the AquAdvantage salmon and determined that they have met the regulatory requirements for approval, including that food from the fish is safe to eat,” Bernadette Dunham, director of the agency’s Center for Veterinary Medicine, said in a statement.

F.D.A. officials said on Thursday that the process took so long because it was the first approval of its kind. People involved in the application suspect that the Obama administration delayed approval because it was wary of a political backlash.

The officials said the fish would not have to be labeled as being genetically engineered, a policy consistent with its stance on foods made from genetically engineered crops. However, it issued draft guidance as to wording that companies could use to voluntarily label the salmon as genetically engineered or to label other salmon as not genetically engineered.

Despite the approval, it is likely to be at least two years before any of the salmon reaches supermarkets, and at first it will be in tiny amounts.

Ronald Stotish, the chief executive of AquaBounty, which is majority-owned by Intrexon Corporation, said he was delighted and somewhat surprised by the approval after all this time. “We had no indication that approval was imminent,” he said in an interview.

Mr. Stotish declined to say what the plans were for bringing the fish to market, other than that the salmon would not be in stores immediately because it would take about two years for even these fast-growing salmon to reach market size. It is also not likely there will be much of the salmon on the market because the approved production facility, which is in Panama, has the capacity to produce only about 100 tons of fish a year — a tiny amount compared with the more than 200,000 tons of Atlantic salmon the United States imports each year.

Mr. Stotish said he did not know if approval was still needed from Panama to export the fish.

It is not clear how well the salmon will sell. Some leading supermarkets have already said, in response to the vocal opposition, that they have no plans to sell it.

The fish are supposed to be raised inland in contained tanks to lessen the chances that they will escape into the wild. AquaBounty and its supporters say this will also be less stressful on the environment than using pens in the ocean. And it could eventually allow the fish to be raised in the United States, rather than being imported, as most farmed Atlantic salmon is.

For now, however, the fish are being raised in Panama, from eggs produced in Prince Edward Island, Canada. If the salmon were bred or raised elsewhere, for marketing to Americans, that would require separate approvals.

However, moving beyond Canada and Panama seems to be the plan, according to a regulatory filing by AquaBounty a year ago. It said at that time that after winning F.D.A. approval it would look to build a hatchery in the United States and expand the one in Canada to sell more eggs to fish farmers, who would then grow the salmon to market size. AquaBounty said it might also grow salmon from the eggs itself. In addition to the United States, it said it eventually hoped to sell the salmon in Canada, Argentina, Brazil and China.

The approval could help other efforts to develop genetically modified animals. Scientists and biotechnology industry executives have complained that the long, unexplained delay in approving the salmon was a deterrent to the field. Several other attempts to develop genetically engineered animals for consumption, like a pig whose manure would be less polluting, have fallen by the wayside.

Now, however, there has been a surge of interest in developing new genetically altered farm animals and pets because new techniques, including one known as Crispr-Cas9, allow scientists to edit animal genomes rather than add genes from other species. That has made it far easier to create altered animals.

Scientists in China, for instance, recently created goats with more muscle and longer hair. Researchers in Scotland used gene editing to create pigs resistant to African swine fever. It is not yet clear whether animals created this way would fall under F.D.A. regulation.

The AquAdvantage salmon contains a growth hormone gene from the Chinook salmon and a genetic switch from the ocean pout, an eel-like creature, that keeps the transplanted gene continuously active, whereas the salmon’s own growth hormone gene is active only parts of the year. The company has said the fish can grow to market weight in 18 to 20 months, compared with 28 to 36 months for conventionally farmed salmon.

Opponents of the fish say that if the bigger fish were to escape, they could outcompete wild salmon for food or mates. Among the opponents have been members of Alaska’s congressional delegation, who say they are worried about the effects on the image and health of wild salmon.

“This harebrained decision goes to show that our federal agencies are incapable of using common sense,” Representative Don Young, a Republican, said in a statement.

But some scientists have dismissed these concerns. William Muir, a professor of animal sciences at Purdue University, said the fish posed no risk to the environment. “In contrast, the current practice of using wild caught salmon as a food source is not sustainable; our oceans are overfished,” he said in a statement. “This development provides a safe and sustainable alternative.”

The F.D.A. said on Thursday that there were multiple physical barriers in the Canada and Panama facilities to prevent any escape. The salmon are also made sterile to prevent reproduction in the event they do escape, although the sterilization technique is not foolproof.

The F.D.A. regulates genetically engineered animals as veterinary drugs, using the argument that the gene inserted into the animal meets the definition of a drug. Critics have branded this an inadequate solution intended to squeeze a new technology into an old regulatory framework. They say the F.D.A. is not as qualified as other government agencies to do environmental assessments. The White House is now reviewing the entire framework for regulating genetically engineered products.

The F.D.A. said that to approve the salmon, it determined that the fish was safe to eat, that the inserted genetic elements did not harm the fish itself, and that the company had adequately proved that the salmon grew faster.

AquaBounty, which is based in Maynard, Mass., has long struggled to raise enough money to stay in business. It is now about 60 percent owned by Intrexon, a company started by the biotechnology entrepreneur Randal J. Kirk to pursue synthetic biology, a term for sophisticated genetic engineering.

Intrexon has also acquired the company that developed a recently approved genetically modified apple resistant to browning and a British company working on genetically modified insects, such as mosquitoes that might be tested in the Florida Keys as a way to prevent dengue fever. Shares of Intrexon rose nearly 4 percent Thursday, closing at $36.65.

Comment by keny on December 4, 2015 at 5:27pm
They are being ungrateful to God, refusing his provisions. God help us!
Comment by AfricanGoddess on December 4, 2015 at 4:26pm

I am not surprise ... more cancerous food for the consumers!

Sticking with my Ital inspired cuisines...

Comment by Dave on December 4, 2015 at 1:20pm
Oh hell no.
Comment by Tabu Gif on December 2, 2015 at 6:17am
Population control. The rich will not be eating the fake food. Just the poor. They will put this in the poor communities
Comment by mrthraz on December 1, 2015 at 8:36pm

and i thought ziggy was being an a--hole when he said "here come synthetic food" in the 90's.

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