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Cleveland Officer Will Not Face Charges in Tamir Rice Shooting Death

Prosecutor on Tamir Rice Decision

A grand jury said the evidence “did not constitute criminal action by police” after a Cleveland police officer fatally shot Tamir Rice, 12, in November 2014, a prosecutor said.

A grand jury in Cleveland has declined to indict a city police officer in the fatal shooting last year of 12-year-old Tamir Rice.

The decision by grand jurors on Monday was the end of a lengthy investigation that was criticized by Tamir’s family and by activists, who called the shooting senseless and said the officer should have been charged with murder months ago.

Tamir, who was black, was carrying a replica gun outside a recreation center when someone called 911. The caller cautioned that Tamir was probably a juvenile and that the gun was “probably fake,” but that information was not relayed to the two officers who responded, Timothy Loehmann and Frank Garmback.

Surveillance video, which has been widely circulated online, showed Officer Garmback pulling the police cruiser within a few feet of Tamir, and Officer Loehmann, who is white, stepping out of the car and almost immediately firing his gun. Tamir died hours later. His partner, Officer Garmback, was also not indicted.

Timothy J. McGinty, the Cuyahoga County prosecutor, who made theannouncement at a news conference, said that while “this was a perfect storm of human error,” the evidence considered by a grand jury over two months “did not constitute criminal action by police.” He noted that the law gives the benefit of the doubt to a police officer “who must make a split second decision.”

A screenshot from a video that showed the police arriving at the Cudell Recreation Center, where Tamir was shot. Creditvia Cleveland Police Department

Mr. McGinty said it was “indisputable” that Tamir was drawing a pellet gun from his waistband when he was shot — either to hand it over to the officers or to show them that it was not a real firearm. But Mr. McGinty said there was no way for the officers to know that as they pulled up.

He said he “appreciated the sincere emotion and concern of all citizens” but asked the community to “respect the process.”

In a statement, Gov. John R. Kasich said that he understood “how this decision will leave many people asking themselves if justice was served,” but urged residents not to “give in to anger and frustration and let it divide us.”

Mr. McGinty said that he told Tamir’s mother about the grand jury decision shortly before he made it public. “It was a tough conversation,” he said, adding “she was broken up and it was very hard.”

A statement from the office of Jonathan S. Abady, a lawyer representing the Rice family, said Tamir’s relatives were “saddened and disappointed by this outcome — but not surprised.”

“It has been clear for months now that Cuyahoga County Prosecutor Timothy McGinty was abusing and manipulating the grand jury process to orchestrate a vote against indictment,” the statement said. “Even though video shows the police shooting Tamir in less than one second, Prosecutor McGinty hired so-called expert witnesses to try to exonerate the officers and tell the grand jury their conduct was reasonable and justified.”

For some in Cleveland’s activist community, Monday’s decision was a setback that they had long anticipated.

“No one is surprised,” said the Rev. Jawanza Colvin, who leads a predominately black congregation in the city. “It is really now a question of how we respond.”

Rachelle Smith, who along with Mr. Colvin was among the residents who signed affidavits seeking the officers’ arrests, said she was outside the courthouse Monday when Mr. McGinty announced the grand jury’s decision.

“This is kind of what we expected,” Ms. Smith said. “But I am disappointed because I was hoping for better. I was hoping that our city would do better. I was hoping that the grand jury would do better than the prosecutor.”

At a news conference after the prosecutor’s announcement, Mayor Frank Jackson expressed condolences to the Rice family and said the city would begin an administrative review of the shooting now that the grand jury’s work was finished.

Mr. Jackson said meaningful changes to the police department had been made since Tamir’s death, including efforts to train officers on first aid and provide basic medical kits in cruisers.

“This has caused the city of Cleveland, with the loss of a child at the hands of a police officer, to do a lot of soul searching,” Mr. Jackson said. “And in the midst of that soul searching we have made some changes.”

“All this is designed to better ensure that an incident like this will never happen again,” Mr. Jackson added.

Chief Calvin Williams of the Cleveland police said Officers Loehmann and Garmback would remain on restricted duty until the administrative review was completed. Chief Williams said the review would look at whether department policies were violated during the encounter, including the actions of the call taker and dispatcher, the shooting itself, and the response afterward. “We’ll look at the incident from start to finish,” Chief Williams said, and consider discipline if violations are found.

Tamir was shot on Nov. 22, 2014, two days before a grand jury in Missouri declined to indict the white Ferguson police officer who fatally shot Michael Brown, an unarmed black 18-year-old. Though Cleveland did not experience protests as large or frequent as in Ferguson, Tamir’s death infuriated demonstrators across the country, and the case has become among the most prominent in a national debate over race and policing.

The official investigation into Tamir’s death moved slowly, with the county sheriff’s office taking over for the Police Department, and then the prosecutor’s office conducting its own inquiry after the sheriff’s inquiry concluded. Fed up with the pace, some activists used an obscure provisionof Ohio law to seek the arrest of the two officers. Though a judge found that probable cause existed for some charges, neither officer was arrested.

Mr. McGinty released a redacted version of the sheriff’s investigation months ago, and in recent months has published three independent reportsby use-of-force analysts who found that Officer Loehmann had acted reasonably in shooting Tamir.

Mr. McGinty, who commissioned the reports but said they would not taint the fairness of the grand jury process, was criticized by Tamir’s family, who suggested that the investigation was rigged and that an indictment was all but impossible.

The Rice family also commissioned outside reports on the shooting, which found that the shooting was unjustified and that the officers used poor tactics in responding to the scene.

Neither Officer Garmback nor Officer Loehmann has spoken publicly about the shooting, though both men read statements to grand jurors about their actions that day. Officer Loehmann told the grand jury that he fired out of fear for his safety after Tamir reached into his waistband and grabbed the replica gun, which he believed to be real.

In his statement, Officer Loehmann said that he saw the boy “reaching into his waistband” and “pulling the gun out” before firing his own weapon.

In his statement, Officer Garmback said he thought he was facing a potential active shooter and wanted to keep him from entering the recreation center.

Tamir’s family has questioned Officer Loehmann’s account of the shooting, and has sued the city and both officers in federal court.

Since Tamir’s death, questions have been raised about Officer Loehmann’s qualifications and about the Cleveland police’s standards on the use of force. Records show that Officer Loehmann resigned from another Ohio police department after a “dangerous loss of composure” during firearms training. The Cleveland police did not review that department’s personnel file before offering Officer Loehmann a job.

For years, the Cleveland police have been criticized for being too aggressive in their use of force, and for broader failures in management, record keeping and training. In May, the city agreed to a sweeping consent decreewith the Justice Department that required broad changes in how officers use and report force, and which placed the police under the supervision of an independent monitor.

Tamir is among several black people whose deaths at the hands of the Cleveland police have raised questions in recent years. In 2012, 13 Cleveland officers fired a combined 137 rounds at Timothy Russell and Malissa Williams, both unarmed, after the car Mr. Russell was driving fled police. One officer was charged with manslaughter in the case, but wasacquitted in May at a bench trial. Last November, Tanisha Anderson, a 37-year-old black woman said to have suffered from mental illness, lost consciousness and died in police custody after she was placed facedown on the pavement. An investigation into her death is continuing.


Mr. McGinty presents evidence in all fatal police encounters to a grand jury, but some activists have questioned the fairness of the process, and have noted that indictments are generally unlikely unless one is sought by a prosecutor.

In the Rice case, family lawyers have said for months that they have little confidence that Mr. McGinty wanted the officers charged. The lawyers have called for a special prosecutor to take over the case, and have asked the Justice Department to investigate.

In a statement on Monday, Justice Department officials said they would “continue our independent review of this matter, assess all available materials and determine what actions are appropriate, given the strict burdens and requirements imposed by applicable federal civil rights laws.”

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