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A world in chaos: Five countries order schools to close, churches in Rome shut their doors, and showpiece sporting events are axed as global death toll from coronavirus nears 5,000
But he said testing should not be available to everyone, directing people instead to a Google-run website which will launch Sunday and tell people if they should be tested.
'The action I am taking will open up access to up to $50 billion of very important and a large amount of money for states and territories, localities in our shared fight against this disease. Furtherance of the order, I'm asking every state to set up emergency operations centers immediately,' he said.
But he opened the press conference by repeating claims which have repeatedly come under fire that the federal response has been a success.
He spoke on a day when questions mounted about whether he has been infected with the virus himself, with his daughter Ivanka self-isolation - and as markets suffered yet another wild ride.
'I'd like to provide an update to the American people on several decisive new actions we're taking that are very vigilant effort to combat and ultimately defeat the corona virus, we've been working very hard on this. We've made tremendous progress,' he said.
'Europe was just designated as the hotspot right now. We closed that border awhile ago. That was lucky, through talent or luck, whatever you want. But through a very collective action and shared sacrifice, national determination, we will overcome the threat of the virus.'
'Like our earlier, very aggressive actions with China this measure will save countless lives.'
'To unleash the full power of the federal government did the separate today I am officially declaring a national emergency - two very big words.'
'The action I am taking will open up access to up to $50 billion of very important and a large amount of money for states and territories, localities in our shared fight against this disease. Furtherance of the order, I'm asking every state to set up emergency operations centers immediately.'
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State of emergency: Donald Trump announced a state of national emergency in the Rose Garden at a hastily organized press conference
New testing: Google is producing a website for the virus to tell people whether they should be tested. That is a complete abandonment of Trump's promise last Friday that everybody who wants a test will get a test
Scene in the Rose Garden: Reporters wore masks for the press briefing - and were not placed apart despite CDC guidance that distancing limits risk
Trump also urged those who don't need to testing to not take a test for the disease.
'We don't want everybody taking this test. It's totally unnecessary. This will pass. This will pass through.'
Even as he recommended not to get tested, he announced more testing options would be forthcoming.
'We're announcing a new partnership with the private sector to vastly increase and accelerate our capacity to test for the coronavirus. We want to make sure that those who need a test can get a test very safely, quickly and conveniently. But we don't want people to take a test if we feel that they shouldn't be doing it. We don't want every one running out and taking it. Only if you have certainly symptoms,' Trump said, as he stood in the Rose Garden surrounded by members of the coronavirus task force.
'We expect up to a half a million additional tests will be available early next week,' he added.
And he said drive-up testing will be available soon.
'We've been in discussions with pharmacies and retailers to make drive-thru tests available in the critical locations identify by public health professionals. The goal is for individuals to be able to drive up and be swabbed without having to leave your car,' he said.
And he announced Google is helping the administration build a website to help people determine if they should be tested.
'I want to thank Google. Google is helping to develop a website that will be very quickly done - unlike websites of the past - to determine whether a test is warranted and facilitate testing at a nearby convenient location,' Trump said.
President Trump has not been tested – despite being exposed to people who have been in contact with those who tested positive for the disease. And Democrats have heavily criticized the administration for the lack of available testing.
The president also asked all hospitals to 'activate its emergency preparedness plan so they can meet the needs of Americans everywhere.'
He outlined three other actions his administration is taking as the U.S. death count hit 41 and nearly 2,000 people have been infected.
The president said 'telehealth' will be implemented.
'The ability to waive laws to enable telehealth, a fairly new and incredible thing that has happened in the not so distance past. I tell you what they've done with telehealth is incredible,' he said. 'Number 2, the ability to waive requirements that critical access hospitals limit beds to 25 and the length of stay to 96 hours.'
He also said nursing homes and hospitals would be able to waive the three-day stay requirement prior to admission.
'No resource will be spared, nothing whatsoever,' Trump vowed.
Dr. Deborah Birx defended the administration's work on a test to detect the coronavirus.
'Last Tuesday, seeing the spread of the virus around the globe, the president realized our current approach to testing was adequate to meet the needs of the public,' she said.
'He asked for an entire overhaul of the testing approach. He immediately called the private sector laboratories to the White House as noted and charged them with developing a high quality platform that can meet the needs of the American public,' she added.
Birx argued most of the work the administration has done has been behind the scenes.
'I understand that a lot of this behind the scenes action over the last couple weeks was invisible to the press and the American people.
'But this intense effort has not only resulted in innovative solutions but an automated high input system bringing the availability of these quality coronavirus testing to the American people at unprecedented speed,' she said.
She also gave a demo of the website Google is building, saying people would be able to fill out a screening questionnaire, move down for symptoms or risk factors and then be told where the drive-thru options would be for them to receive testing.
Trump also said he's waived interest rates on all student loans until further notice and said he ordered the energy secretary to stock up strategic oil reserves given the low prices.
'We're going to fill it up to the top,' he said. 'We're buying it at the right price. That's something that would have not even been possible a week ago. The price of I'll went down quite a bit. So we're going to fill it up.'
Additionally, Trump and his fellow G7 leaders spoke, according to French President Emmanuel Macron, and will hold a videoconference on Monday about combatting the disease.
'Following my call with @realDonaldTrump and all G7 leaders, we agreed to organize an extraordinary Leaders Summit by videoconference on Monday on Covid-19. We will coordinate research efforts on a vaccine and treatments, and work on an economic and financial response,' Macron wrote on Twitter.
The president announced the press conference after reports out of Brazil said the Bolsonaro tested positive for coronavirus. One of the major newspapers in Rio de Janeiro, Journal O Dia, noted The Guardian's Tom Phillips, reported the news of Bolsonaro's positive test.
Bolsonaro, 64, was checked for the disease after his aide Fabio Wajngarten tested positive for it.
But a second test that came back on Friday showed the president tested negative, according to a statement on Bolsonaro's official Facebook page, which is adding to the questions and confusion.
President Donald Trump shaking hands with Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro during a dinner at Mar-a-Lago on Saturday night; Bolsonaro's condition remains unknown - there are reports that he has tested positive and negative for coronavirus
Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro, wearing a protective mask, is seen at the Alvorada Palace, on Friday
'The Armed Forces Hospital and (diagnostic laboratory) Sabin have returned a negative test result for COVID-19 for the President of the Republic Jair Bolsonaro,' the posting said. It was accompanied by a photo of Bolsonaro flashing an obscene arm gesture at the press.
On Thursday, Trump brushed aside concerns about his encounter with the Brazilians - the latest in a series of brushes the president has had with the highly-contagious disease.
Both Bolsonaro and Wajngarten, his press secretary, were at the Winter White House Saturday night. Wajngarten had his photo take with President Trump and Vice President Mike Pence.
There are now more than 1,800 cases of coronavirus across the US and 42 people have died
Trump and the first family have resisted going into self-quarantine despite other lawmakers who came into contact with those testing positive for the disease going into voluntary isolation.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends testing if you 'have been in close contact with a person known to have' the virus. The agency defines close contact as 'being within approximately 6 feet (2 meters) of a COVID-19 case for a prolonged period of time.' Also, according to CDC guidelines, the president would be considered 'medium' risk for exposure.
From left: Vice President Mike Pence, President Donald Trump, and Fabio Wajngarten, the communications secretary for Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro. The three men posed for a photo on Saturday at Trump's Mar-a-Lago resort in Palm Beach, Florida
Other world leaders are self-quarantining. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is in a voluntary 14-day quarantine after his wife, Sophie, tested positive for the disease.
Several members of the first family were at the Winter White House Saturday night where there was a birthday party for Kimberly Guilfoyle, the girlfriend of Donald Trump Jr., in addition to the working dinner for the Brazilian delegation.
One of those was Ivanka Trump, who, it was revealed late Thursday, had another brush with the disease.
She and Attorney General Bill Barr posed for a photograph with Australian Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton on March 5 - days before he tested positive for coronavirus.
They were meeting as part of a meeting between officials from the UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the U.S. The next day, Ivanka Trump attended the dinner at Mar-a-Lago with her father and Bolsonaro.
Ivanka Trump stayed home on Friday but is showing no symptoms, does not need to self-quarantine and stayed home out of an abundance of caution, the White House said.
'The White House is aware that Mr. Dutton tested positive for COVID-19. He was asymptomatic during the interaction. Exposures from the case were assessed and the White House Medical Unit confirmed, in accordance with CDC guidance, that Ivanka is exhibiting no symptoms and does not need to self-quarantine. She worked from home today out of an abundance of caution until guidance was given,' White House Deputy press secretary Judd Deere said in a statement.
Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's top infectious disease expert at the National Institutes of Health, said he would 'likely' have been tested after coming if he had come into contact with Bolsonaro's aide who tested positive for the coronavirus.
When asked hypothetically if he would get a test, he told ABC's 'Good Morning America': 'Likely I would, but I'm not sure.'
'It depends on the circumstances,' he added.
Anthony Fauci on Friday
Dr. Anthony Fauci refused to urge the president to get tested for COVID-19 after coming into contact with the Brazilian president and one of his aides who has the virus, but said if it were him, he likely would.
Trump and President Jair Bolsonaro had dinner at Mar-a-Lago on March 7, a day after one of his key aides tested positive for the virus.
Bolsonaro is now awaiting the results of his own test, but the White House says Trump has not had one.
The Mirror claimed on Friday that he had tested positive for the virus. That is yet to be confirmed by Brazilian officials.
Ivanka Trump with Australian government minister Peter Dutton (right) on March 5. Dutton has tested positive for the virus
Fauci said on Friday morning that he did not want to comment too strongly on the decision and that Trump and his doctors would know the best course of action.
But when pushed, Fauci admitted that he would likely have a test if it were him who had come into contact with the infected aide.
'I leave that to the president's white house physician who is an extremely competent individual who I know well, and the decisions there were between what would be a potential patient and the physician,' he said.
When asked if he would get a test, he said: 'Likely I would, but I'm not sure.
'It depends on the circumstances.
'We should follow the guidelines of the CDC about when you are at a risk what you should do.'
Ivanka Trump was also at the dinner on March 7 and she has another connection to the virus - two days earlier, on March 5, she stood shoulder-to-shoulder with an Australian government minister who has now tested positive for the virus.
It is unclear whether or not she has been tested.
Wajngarten, the Bolsonaro aide who was at Mar-a-Lago for Saturday's dinner and the birthday party, tested positive for the virus, setting off a chain of events on Thursday, including a test for his boss. Brazil has at least 73 confirmed cases of coronavirus and zero deaths thus far.
The Intercept's Glenn Greenwald reported on Thursday that Bolsonaro took two tests: 'The result should be ready. But the presidential palace is now saying the result will only be released Friday, which likely means he had a second test, and that one takes longer,' he wrote on Twitter.
Bolsonaro's son Eduardo, who was also at Mar-a-Lago on Saturday night, tweeted on Friday that there was 'too much lies' in the media and claimed the testing wasn't complete.
'Too much lies and little information. Coronavirus exam done with the team that were with JB in USA have not yet been completed There are always those people who tell lies in the media and if the story is confirmed they say 'I told you!', if not will be just 1 more fake news,' he wrote.
Fox News' John Roberts reported Eduardo Bolsonaro originally told the network that his father tested positive.
'After telling @FoxNews that his father had a preliminary POSITIVE test for coronavirus, Eduardo Bolsonaro now tells @FoxNews the test was NEGATIVE. Bolsonaro says has been in touch with the White House,' Roberts wrote on Twitter.
Meanwhile, Miami Mayor Francis Suarez, a Republican, announced he tested positive for coronavirus after attending an event with Bolsonaro and Wajngarten in Miami on Monday.
At the event, he hugged Bolsonaro after presenting the Brazilian president with keys to the city.
'It is confirmed that I have the coronavirus,' Suarez told the Miami Herald. 'I did test positive for it.'
'I'm concerned for people who have had some measure of contact with me,' he added.
Republican Senator Lindsey Graham said Thursday he would self-quarantine and be tested for the virus. The South Carolina senator was at Mar-a-Lago this weekend. He also met with Australian official in his Washington D.C. office on March 5.
'Senator Graham was at Mar-a-Lago last weekend. He has no recollection of direct contact with the President of Brazil, who is awaiting results of a coronavirus test, or his spokesman who tested positive,' Graham's office said in a statement.
'However, in an abundance of caution and upon the advice of his doctor, Senator Graham has decided to self-quarantine awaiting the results of a coronavirus test. This is a precautionary measure. He will continue to work from home,' his office noted.
Republican Senator Rick Scott of Florida also said that he will self-quarantine after he met with the Brazil delegation, which included Wajngarten.
'While I do not believe I interacted with the infected person, that individual was in the same room as me,' Scott said. He said he was self-quarantining out of 'an abundance of caution' and would work from home.
President Trump, who was photographed standing next to Wajngartenn and Vice President Mike Pence at Mar-a-Lago on Saturday night, said Thursday he was 'not concerned' about possibly contracting the virus.
Coronavirus panic tightened its grip worldwide yesterday as scores of countries dramatically upped their response to the deadly pandemic.
There were 6,729 new cases recorded globally, bringing the total confirmed number to 134,317. The death toll also rose by 351 to 4,968.
It led to several countries being effectively put into lockdown as they closed schools, mass events and shops, while in the US, the mayor of New York declared a state of emergency in the city.
Thailand: Monkeys on the hunt for food in Lopburi, north of Bangkok, where tourists who normally feed the animals have stayed away as a result of the virus
The death toll in Italy – the hardest hit country after China – climbed from 827 to 1,016 and total infections soared by 21 per cent to 15,113.
In an unprecedented move for modern times, Rome's more than 900 Catholic churches were ordered to shut. Previously, only Masses had been cancelled.
The decree by the Pope's vicar for the Rome archdiocese will remain in effect for at least three weeks and temporarily excuses Catholics in the area from their obligation to attend Mass.
The move follows a decision by the Italian government on Wednesday to close all shops apart from pharmacies, food shops and other essential stores.
Greece: Church in Thessaloniki is disinfected with a sterilising 'fog'
Italy: Workers in hazmat suits disinfect streets in Naples as the death toll in Italy – the hardest hit country after China – climbed from 827 to 1,016
In the north of the country, a couple who had been together for 60 years died from the coronavirus just two hours apart.
Severa Belotti, 82, and Luigi Carrara, 86, spent the last days of their lives in lockdown, in their hometown of Albino, in the province of Bergamo.
Their son, Luca Carrara, claimed they were confined to their home for eight days, without medical assistance, running a fever of 39C.
He told how he was unable to see his parents before they died and had to say his goodbyes to them on Facebook.
Five more countries – France, Ireland, Austria, Turkey and Norway – announced the closure of all schools, universities and nurseries.
Kuwait: People queue up at a medical testing centre in Hawalli as the Gulf state goes into lockdown
Kuwait: Patients waited at least 3ft apart from each other as they prepared to get their test results
French president Emmanuel Macron said the closures would come into force on Monday, as he unveiled a raft of emergency measures to help France deal with the crisis.
He warned the country, which yesterday had a total of 2,876 confirmed cases and 61 deaths, was facing 'its most serious health crisis in a century'.
Public transport would still run but people should keep travel to an absolute minimum, he said. People over 70 or with underlying health conditions were urged to limit their contact with the outside world.
Spain became Europe's second worst-affected country with 3,004 cases and 84 deaths. The government announced a £12billion injection into the economy.
Every Spanish cabinet member had to be tested after equality minister Irene Montero tested positive. Her partner, the deputy prime minister Pablo Iglesias, has been put in quarantine.
As the world remains in the grip of a deadly coronavirus pandemic, officials are questioning why Britain has failed to implement similar draconian measures seen in other countries.
Donald Trump dramatically escalated the US response to the pandemic, slapping a travel ban on continental Europe.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson today chaired an emergency Cobra committee where he declared the UK's tactics will shift from 'containing' the killer disease to merely 'delaying' its inevitable spread.
Mr Johnson branded the coronavirus as the 'worst public health crisis in a generation' and warned that 'many more' will die.
But he said that the government would still not impose bans on sporting events and added that closing schools 'could do more harm than good'.
With the NHS under mounting pressure, the UK's chief medical officers and officials from the General Medical Council and NHS England have written to doctors saying they may need to work outside their usual area of expertise in the peak of an epidemic.
First Minister of Scotland Nicola Sturgeon, meanwhile, warned mass gatherings must be cancelled and said she was reviewing school closures.
Here, we look at how 13 countries around the world have responded to the virus.
While Italy is in total lockdown, America shuts its doors to travellers from Europe and the streets of China are desolate, the UK appears to be carrying on as normal
On another day of frantic activity by politicians and health experts around the globe:
596 cases, ten deaths
Mounting pressure has built on the Government to move quickly to impose similar rules because it is feared the UK is heading the same direction as Italy, where 15,113 cases and 1,016 deaths have been confirmed.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson today held an emergency meeting where he declared the UK's tactics will shift from 'containing' the killer disease to merely 'delaying' its inevitable spread.
He branded the coronavirus as the 'worst public health crisis in a generation' and warned that 'many more' people are going to die - but still held off implementing drastic measures.
He said: 'At all stages we have been guided by the science. We will do the right thing at the right time.
'This is more dangerous [than seasonal flu] and it's going to spread further. And I must level with you and the British public: more families, many more families, are going to lose loved ones before their time.'
A total of 596 people have tested positive for coronavirus in the UK as of 9am on Thursday, up from 456 at the same point on Wednesday, the Department of Health said.
And two more patients have died in UK hospitals after testing positive for coronavirus, taking the total to 10, NHS England said.