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One of the key players of the college bribery scheme used by celebrities and wealthy parents to get their underachieving children into ivy league schools is a 36-year-old married man from Florida who allegedly sat tests in students' places.
Mark Riddell is one of the 50 people who were indicted on Wednesday along with stars Felicity Huffman and Lori Loughlin for either using the scheme or facilitating it.
He is charged with conspiracy to commit mail fraud and honest services mail fraud and conspiracy to commit money laundering.
According to prosecutors, Riddell was paid by the 'mastermind' Rick Singer to fly to two test centers - one in Texas and the other in Los Angeles - where he had paid off test administrators and either take the SAT or ACT exam in a child's place or correct their wrong answers once they had finished.
Riddell was the director of college entrance exam preparation at the IMG Academy - a world renowned sports school where athletes including Andy Murray and Serena Williams have trained.
Mark Riddell either sat students' tests for them, gave them the answers during while acting as their proctor or corrected their tests after they'd finished them, according to prosecutors. He was the director of college entrance exam prep at IMG Academy, a famous athletics sports school in Florida, but has now been suspended over his alleged role in the scam
Riddell typically earned $10,000 for every test he took in place of a student and payment came from Singer's fraudulent charity, The Key Foundation, according to the indictment.
The 36-year-old did not have inside information but was 'just a really smart guy' who knew how to land specific scores on tests depending on the child's ability, according to prosecutors.
Among kids whose tests he helped along was Felicity Huffman's oldest daughter's, according to the indictment.
The family discussed using him again to take their younger daughter Georgia's test for her in 2018, according to prosecutors.
He had just had a baby with his wife, Sandrina, when Huffman allegedly spoke to Singer about him sitting the test for Georgia.
He allegedly flew to Los Angeles from Tampa in December 2017 and 'purported to proctor' Sofia while she sat the SAT.
Riddell allegedly proctored Felicity Huffman's oldest daughter Sofia's SAT exam in December 2017. Sofia (second left) is shown with her younger sister Georgia and her famous parents. William H. Macy, her father, was not charged and Huffman did not use the scheme for Georgia
Lori Loughlin was also charged for allegedly bribing administrators to get her two daughters, Bella and Olivia, into USC
The indictment does not specify if he helped her during the test with her knowledge or if he changed her answers afterwards.
He was not involved in Lori Loughlin's two daughters' entrance to USC.
Ordinarily, Riddell would enter the test room after the child had taken the test to correct their answers. They were allowed in by one of two test administrators - Niki Williams or Igor Dvorskiy - who were also on Singer's pay roll.
In the case of Jane Buckingham, however, he took the entire test in her son's place because he was too ill to travel.
The boy, who was not aware of the scheme, took what he thought was his legitimate, college entrance exam in his bedroom with his mother watching over him.
Buckingham even supplied Riddell with a handwriting sample from her son so that he could imitate it.
Riddell has been told to forfeit more than $200,000 to prosecutors. He may also have to surrender his $220,000, three-bedroom home in Florida
Riddell did not have all the answers to the tests but was, according to prosecutors, 'just a really smart guy.'
It is not exactly clear how many tests Riddell took for students or corrected for them.
Prosecutors have told him to forfeit more than $200,000 and any property he bought as a result of the scheme.
The 36-year-old lives in a modest, three bedroom home with is wife in Florida.
He has not yet responded to the allegations but is due in court in Massachusetts on Wednesday.
IMG, the private academy where he taught as the director of college preparatory exam, has suspended him.
IMG offers a student athlete boarding program which can cost up to $75,000 a year. The school prides itself on its sports facilities and counts Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova among professional athletes who use it to train in their off-seasons.
In a statement late on Tuesday night, IMG said in a statement: 'Today we were made aware of the charges against Mark Riddell.
'Riddell has been suspended indefinitely as we investigate this matter.'
Lori Loughlin and Mossimo Giannulli spent $500,000 getting their two daughters into USC, according to prosecutors
Lori Loughlin and Mossimo Giannulli
Actress Loughlin and her fashion designer husband Mossimo are among the three most well known names on the list. They have two daughters, Olivia, 20, Isabella, 19, and Mossimo also has a son from a previous relationship. It is not clear which of their children is in college.
Olivia is a YouTube star who has amounted millions of fans online but she is also enrolled at USC, as is their 19-year-old daughter Isabella.
They allegedly paid $50,000 to get their oldest daughter into USC under the guise that she was a crew coxswain when in fact she does not row crew.
Felicity Huffman is accused of paying a $15,000 bribe to get her oldest daughter Sofia into USC
Huffman is best known for her role on Desperate Housewives.
She is married to fellow actor William H. Macy but he has not been charged in the indictment.
The pair have two daughters, Sofia, 18, and Georgia, 16.
Huffman is accused of paying $15,000 to have her daughter's exam proctored by Mark Riddell.
Riddell was described by authorities as 'just a really smart guy' who would either sit tests for students, change their answers afterwards or help them actively while they took it in one of two test centers that was 'controlled' by the scheme's 'mastermind' Rick Singer.
Huffman allegedly used the scheme in December 2017 but the indictment does not specify how Riddell allegedly helped her daughter.
She considered using it for her youngest daughter, Georgia, but decided in the end that she did not need to, according to authorities.
THE COLLEGE PROFESSORS, COACHES AND 'MASTERMIND'
Rick Singer ran The Key, a college preparation business
William Rick Singer, the 'mastermind'
Singer is accused of leading the scam.
He led a college counseling program and, according to prosecutors, also ran a fake charity through which he funneled bribes.
The scam worked in two ways; he would have people come into the exam to correct students' answers and he also then bribed sports coaches to offer them scholarships, in some cases for sports they did not even play.
Singer cooperated with authorities as part of the investigation and continued taking bribes after he had been contacted by police.
Some of his conversations were recorded by police who obtained a wire tap to listen in. He is facing a maximum of 65 years behind bars and has pleaded guilty on all counts he was charged with.
It remains unclear if he will be given leniency given his cooperation.
Meredith is a women's soccer coach at Yale. In his bio on the college's website, he is heralded as the 'winningest' coach, with 24 seasons under his belt.
Riddell is the director of IMG Academy , a college entrance exam preparation company.
Rudolph Meredith, the women's soccer coach at Yale (left) and Mark Riddell, director of IMG Academy
Vandemoer is the head sailing coach at Stanford.
Ernst is the head of women's tennis at the University of Rhode Island.
He taught at Georgetown in the past and worked as a personal tennis coach for Michelle Obama and her daughters, Sasha and Malia, while they were in the White House.
John Vandemoer (left) is the head sailing coach at Stanford. Gordie Ernst was Michelle Obama's private tennis coach when she was First Lady. He is now the head of women's tennis at the University of Rhode Island.
Dvorskiy is the president of the West Hollywood College Preparatory School and he worked at the West Hollywood Test Center
Williams worked as a test administrator at one of the test centers Singer told parents he 'controlled'.
Homa H Zadeh is a professor at USC. He is the Associate Professor and Director, Advanced Education Program in Periodontology.
Center is the men's soccer coach at the University of Texas.
Homa H Zadeh (left) is a professor at USC. Michael Center (right) is the men's soccer coach at the University of Texas.
Heinel is the senior women's athletics director at USC. She is alleged to have accepted a $50,000 from Lori Loughlin and her husband, among others, for admitting fraudulent tests.
Janke is a former assistant soccer coach at USC. She allegedly took payment from Loughlin and her husband for their youngest daughter.
Donna Heinel (left) is the senior athletic director at USC. Laura Janke (right) is a former assistant soccer coach
Khosroshahin is the head women's soccer coach at USC.
Vavic is the head coach for the men's and women's water polo teams at USC.
Ali Khosroshahin (left) is the head of women's soccer at USC and Jovan Vavic is the head of the men's and women's water polo teams at USC
McGlashan is a prolific private equity investor who is the founder and managing partner of the firm TPG Growth.
He is also at the helm of The Rise Fund, a social impact fund he launched with Bono.
Gregory and Marcia Abbott
New York couple Gregory and Marcia Abbott, 68 and 59, were also named.
Gregory Abbott is the founder and chairman of International Dispensing Corp., a successful food and beverage packaging company.
The couple, who have homes in New York City and Aspen, Colorado, allegedly paid a total of $125,000 to have someone take the ACT and SAT subject tests for their daughter so she could gain entrance to Duke University.
Bill McGlashan and Gregory Abbott are pictured
Abdelaziz stepped down as president and COO of Wynn Resorts in 2016.
He is accused of bribing Donna Heinel, the senior women's athletics director at USC, to recruit his daughter for the basketball team in 2017.
According to court documents, his daughter played high school basketball but was not gifted enough to get recruited as an athlete so he arranged for her to be one.
He then made a $300,000 'donation' to the fictitious charity run by 'ringleader' Rick Singer and then made monthly $20,000 payments directly to Heinel.
His daughter got into the college but never joined the basketball team, according to the documents.
In a phone call with the fixer, they said: 'I’m not going to tell the IRS anything about the fact that your $300,000 was paid to Donna-- Donna Heinel at USC to get [your daughter] into school even though she wasn’t a legitimate basketball player at that level.'
Buckingham is the owner of the now defunct market research firm, Youth Intelligence. She sold the company in 2003.
She is charged in the scheme for allegedly paying $50,000 to have someone else take her son's ACT exam in July 2018 because he had tonsilitis.
Buckingham sent a handwriting sample for her son to a test taker and had him take a fake exam at home so he wouldn't know about the fraud, court documents indicate.
Gamal Abdelaziz, the president and COO of Wynn Resorts (left) and Jane Buckingham, the owner of the now defunct market research firm Youth Intelligence
Caplan is a financial attorney and partner at the firm Willkie Farr & Gallagher in New York City. He lives in Connecticut.
He allegedly paid $75,000 to have Singer arrange a proctor to corrected his daughter's answers after she took the ACT in November or December 2018.
Flaxman is the CEO, Co-founder, Crown Realty & Development, Inc, a real estate company based in Orange County.
Gordon Caplan (left) is a financial attorney and partner at the firm Willkie Farr & Gallagher in New York City. Robert Flaxman (right) is the CEO, Co-founder, Crown Realty & Development
Vineyard owner Huneeus owns a range of wines that are produced in Napa Valley.
He allegedly participated in both the college entrance exam cheating scheme and the college recruitment scheme for his daughter in 2017 and 2018 by conspiring to bribe Heinel and Jovan Vavic, the USC water polo coach, to facilitate his daughter’s admission to USC as a purported water polo recruit, according to the indictment.
Elisabeth Kimmel is the former president of Midwest Television. She sold it in 2017 for $325million. Agustin Huneeus, whose family owns vineyards in Napa Valley, was also charged
Kimmel, of Las Vegas, Nevada, is the former president of Midwest Television. She sold it in 2017 for $325million.
She allegedly used the scheme to get her daughter into Georgetown and her son into USC by pretending the former was a tennis player and the latter was a pole vaulter.
Lis and Manuel Henriquez
Kimmel ultimately facilitated $475,000 in payments to KWF, according to the affidavit.
MacFarlane and his wife Christy are well known on the San Diego social and charity circuit.
He sits on the board of multiple companies and the family has their own trust but it is not exactly clear what he does.
Elizabeth and Manuel Henriquez
Diane and Todd Blake
I-Hsin "Joey" Chen
Amy and Gregory Colburn
Peter Jan Sartorio
Bruce and Davina Isackson
Douglas Hodge yeah